Situated in South East of the United States, North Carolina, with a population of approximately 9,752,073 people, is among the 10 most populous states in the US.
The state was named after Charles I of England as the term ‘Carolina’ is derived from the Latin word ‘Carolinus’ which translates into Charles.
Besides, the state is also known as the Tar Heel State or the Old North State. The North Carolina state motto is “Esse quam videri” meaning “To be, rather than to seem”. It was adopted by the North Carolina General Assembly in 1893.
The North Carolina Colony was founded by some Virginians in 1653. Prior to that, two groups of English settlers established two colonies in the state around 1580s. However, they failed.
Of these, the first group returned to England but the second vanished without a trace. In fact, what exactly happened to this “Lost Colony” Sir Walter Raleigh established at the Roanoke Island is still a mystery.
Nevertheless, colonists from Virginia began to move to North Carolina (around Albemarle Sound) by 1640s. Gradually, it became a part of the British colony and was named Carolina.
In 1705, the first town in North Carolina, that is, Bath, was built. Its first state university was opened in 1795 and the first State Fair for the state was held in 1853.
However, by 1710, the Carolina colony began to spit into North Carolina and South Carolina.
Thus, by 1712, North Carolina was made into a separate colony that raised corn, tobacco, and livestock. Furthermore, it became a crown colony in 1729.
Other major events in the history of North Carolina include the Culpepper’s Rebellion in 1677, the Quaker-led Cary Rebellion in 1708, the Tuscarora Indian War from 1711 to 1713, and the killing of the infamous pirate, Blackbeard off the North Carolina coast on November 22, 1718.
Later, during the late 1700s, it became the first colony to declare independence from the British crown. Following the American Revolution, it became one of the 13 original colonies to join the Union.
In 1861, though, North Carolina seceded and joined the Confederacy in the Civil War and sent recruits (at least 125,000 troops) to fight for the Confederacy.
The troops led by Confederate Gen. J. E. Johnston surrendered in 1865 and in 1868 the state was again admitted to the Union.
Coming to the industries, grew swiftly in the state during the late 1800. In addition, the North Carolina Department of Agriculture was formed in 1877.
Furthermore, in 1903, the Wright Brothers made the first successful at flight at Kitty Hawk.
In the present scenario, apart from tobacco, textile, and furniture, North Carolina is also strengthening its knowledge-based enterprises like biotechnology and pharmaceuticals.